What is Lumbago?

There are multiple names for lower back (lumbar) complaints with/without referral into the leg: Lumbago, Sciatica, a Hernia.


At Spit we experience an acute shooting pain, popularly we also speak of "going through your back". Sometimes one is crooked for a few days (an antalgic posture). The shooting pain is caused by an intervertebral vertebra that is tearing due to incorrect loading.


Such a tear is called a herniation in the medical world. Lumbago is therefore a beginning of a hernia. The intervertebral disc, which partially tears, presses against a nerve due to incorrect loading of the spine, gives an acute sharp shock sensation in the lower back and can feel nagging for days or even weeks.

The pain we experience with lumbago is due to a pressure/constriction of the large nerve bundle, which runs from the lower back into the leg: the sciatic nerve. The term sciatica comes from here. With lumbago, the pain can be nagging or stabbing and sometimes extends all the way to the lower leg or even the foot. However, the pain usually only remains in the lower back, buttock and upper leg.  

The pain is also illustrative of a sciatica attack.

Lumbago is a 2-3 grade herniation and approximates a full hernia. (See hernia grades)

In all degrees of an intervertebral herniation, it is possible that the intervertebral vertebra presses against a nerve pathway. In the lower back, the name of the main nerve is the Sciatic nerve.  Sciatica thus means irritation of the sciatic nerve pathway and is a symptom of lumbago or a complete hernia.

Chiropractic for

What can a chiropractor do for you?

Back pain such as lumbago can usually be treated well through chiropractic treatments. Corrective actions prevent further damage to the intervertebral discs and nerves and promote recovery.


Chiropractic treatments aim to correct incorrect posture, increase spinal mobility and restore the function of irritated nerves. This is done by using special techniques (see our techniques page). One of the techniques is chiropractic manipulation. Pressure is put on the joint with the hands and the joint is set in motion.  This restores the mobility of the joint and reduces pain.

What are the causes of

The most common causes.

  • Injuries due to an accident or trauma

  • Sitting in the wrong position for a long time

  • Lifting and bending wrong

  • Using a bad mattress

  • Poor posture when sitting, standing or walking


Other causes are:

  • Too little exercise

  • Pregnancy

  • stress

  • Weakening of the muscles

  • overweight

  • Congenital defects or hereditary factors

What are symptoms of Lumbago?

The most common symptoms of lumbago.

Lumbago is a common complaint. It is a nagging pain that is mainly felt in the lower back, buttock and leg. It is also possible that the pain manifests itself in both buttocks and legs. Often the pain experienced with lumbago follows the path of the sciatic nerve that runs through the pelvis, through the buttock and down the back of the leg.

The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body. If it is irritated, the pain can be felt in a large part of the leg. Patients initially describe the pain as a sharp, aching pain that gradually becomes numb. If it lasts longer, the pain is often experienced as burning. In addition to the chiropractic treatment of the sciatic nerve, the chiropractor will advise special exercises. For the promotion of the healing process, it is desirable that these sciatica exercises are performed regularly. This is individual to the patient depending on the cause of the irritation and part of the nerve that is entrapped.